Apostolos Athanassakis

Professor of Classics. With the exception of a guest appointment at the University of Crete 1984-1986 where he served as Head of the Humanities Division, he is now completing close to thirty years of service to the Department of Classics at UCSB. Much of his work is in the language of Homer and Hesiod. He is also a translator and a poet.



Selected Articles

  • “Greek Bear Mythology”, Proceedings of The International Consortium On The Footsteps of the Bear; Pori, Finland 2005 (in press)
  • Akhilleus’ Horse Balios: Old and New Etymologies,” Glotta Fall Issue 2004, pp. 1-14.
  • “The Geographic and Mythic Origins of Europe,” Dodone (University of Ioannina, Greece 2002) vol. 22 pp. 1-19
  • “Europe: Early Geographic and Mythic Identity,” Dodone (University of Ioannina, Greece 2002) vol. 22 pp. 283-303
  • “The Semiotics of the Hymn to Demeter (Homeric) and the Contribution of Greek Women to the birth of Drama,” Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ancient Drama at Delphi. 2002 pp. 229-24
  • “Shamanism and Amber in Greece: The Northern Connection,” Shamanic Symbology and Epic. Ed. Juha Pentikäinen and Mihály and Hoppál. Series Bibliotheca Schamanistica Akademiai Kiadó, Budapest, vol. 9 (2001) pp. 203-20
  • “Proteus, The Old Man of the Sea: Homeric Man or Shaman?,” La mythologie et L’Odyssée: Homage à Gabriel Germain. Special Issue of Gaia (Grenoble 2001) vol. 5, pp. 1-9
  • “Catalogs of Names in the Iliad and the Odyssey”, Procedings of The International Congress on Odissean Studies (in press, vol. 10)
  • “The Peleades of Alcman’s Partheneion and Modern Greek Poulia,” In Ancient World, vol. 31 (Chicago, 2000) pp. 5-14
  • “Some Illyrian Elements in the Myth of Achilleus” In Greek, summary in English, Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Odyssean Studies (Ithaca, Greece 2000) pp. 1-21

Frances V. Hickson-Hahn

Frances Hickson Hahn, Associate Professor of Classics received her MA and PhD from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After a year in Munich as the American Philological Association Fellow in Latin Lexicography, she came to UCSB in 1987, where she teaches Latin literature, prose composition, and topics in Roman religion and culture. As evidenced by her first book, Roman Prayer Language in Livy and the Aeneid of Vergil (1993), Professor Hahn’s research interests center around the public cult of republican and Augustan Rome. Her current project also includes prayers but expands the sphere of inquiry to ritual, in particular, celebrations of victory. This monograph explores the way in which victory rituals, such as gratulatory supplications, triumphal offerings, and temple dedications, helped to construct and support the political dominance of the elite and, at the same time, a communal identity for Romans of all classes.

Graduate supervision:
Frances Hahn welcomes enquiries from prospective students on any area of ancient Roman polytheism and Latin historiography, especially Livy.



  • Roman Prayer Language: Livy and the Aeneid of Vergil (Teubner 1993)

Selected Articles & Reviews

  • “Performing the Sacred: Prayers and Hymns,” Blackwell Companion to Roman Religion, ed. J. R�pke (Oxford, forthcoming 2007).
  • “The Politics of Thanksgiving,” Augusto Augurio: Rerum humanarum et divinarum commentationes in honorem Jerzy Linderski, ed. C. F. Konrad (Stuttgart, 2004) 31-51.
  • “Ut diis immortalibus honos habeatur: Livy’s representation of gratitude to the gods,” Rituals in Ink, edd. A. Barchiesi, J.R�pke, and S. Stephens (Stuttgart, 2004) 57 75.
  • “Pompey’s supplicatio duplicata: A novel form of thanksgiving,” Phoenix 54.3-4 (2000) 244-254.
  • “Vergilian Transformation of an Oath Ritual: Aeneid 12.169-174, 213-215,”Vergilius 45 (1999) 22-38.
  • “What’s so Funny? Laughter and incest in invective humor,” Syllecta Classica 9 (1998) 1-36.
  • “The Oath of Aeneas: Aeneid 12.176-194,” Anthology of Hellenistic Prayer, ed. M. Kiley, (New York, 1997) 149-154.
  • “A Prayer of Scipio Africanus: Livy 29.27.2-4,” Anthology of Hellenistic Prayer, ed. M. Kiley (New York, 1997) 144-148.
  • “Patruus: Paragon or Pervert? The Case of a Literary Split Personality,” Syllecta Classica 4 (1993) 21-26
  • “Augustus Triumphator: Manipulation of the Triumphal Theme in the Political Program of Augustus,” Latomus 50.1 (1991) 124-128

Jo-Ann Shelton

Ph.D., Berkeley 1974
Roman social and cultural history; Attitudes toward animals in the ancient and modern world; Roman and Greek tragedy; Roman epistolography.



  • Pliny the Younger: Selected Letters, Bolchazy-Carducci 2016.
  • The Women of Pliny’s Letters.  Routledge 2012.
  • As the Romans Did, 2ndedition (revised and expanded). Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Hercules Furens. The Madness of Hercules. Coronado Press, 1991.
  • As the Romans Did. Oxford University Press, 1988.
  • Seneca’sHercules Furens: Theme, Structure and Style. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1978.

Articles and Reviews

  • Review of Neil Bernstein,Seneca: Hercules Furens.  Classical Journal – Online – 2017.10.10.
  • “Pliny the Younger, and the Ideal Wife” in Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: The Epistles of Pliny(Oxford 2016), pp. 159-185. Reprint of 1990 article.
  • “The Fall of Troy in Seneca’s Troades,” in The Fall of Cities in the Mediterranean World(Cambridge 2015), pp. 183-213.
  • Review of Alastair Harden, Animals in the Classical World: Ethical Perspectives from Greek and Roman Texts.  Anthrozoos 28 (2015), pp. 524 -526.
  • Review of Matt Gibbs, ed., Themes in Roman Society and Culture.  Phoenix 68 (2014), pp. 193-196.
  • “Spectacles of Animal Abuse,” in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life(Oxford University Press 2014), pp. 461-477.
  • “Decline of Paganism, Rise of Christianity: Why Christianity Became the Dominant Religion.” World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
  • Review of Fabio Tutrone, Filosofi e animali in Roma antica: Modelli di animalità e umanità in Lucrezio e Seneca.  American Journal of Philology 134 (2013), pp. 709-713.
  • “Tuer les animaux qui ne cadrent pas: les dimensions morales de la restauration d’habitats,” translation of 2004 article, in Sentients des villes, sentients des champshttp://sentients-libres.blogspot.fr/2013/06/
  • Review of Margo DeMello, ed., Teaching the Animal: Human-Animal Studies across the Disciplines.  Anthrozoos24 (2011), pp. 104-106.
  • “The State and the Family,” inA Cultural History of Childhood and the Family in Antiquity (Berg 2010), pp. 115-131.
  • Review of  Thomas McGinn,  Widows and Patriarchy: Ancient and Modern.  Classical Bulletin85 (2010), pp. 47-49.
  • “Exotic Species,” in The Encyclopedia of Animal Welfare(Greenwood 2010), pp. 230-236.
  • “Beastly Spectacles in the Ancient Mediterranean World,” in ACultural History of Animals in Antiquity (Berg 2007), pp. 97-126.
  • “Exotic Species,” in TheEncyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships (Greenwood 2007),  345-352.
  • “Animals in Ancient Roman Arenas,” in TheEncyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships (Greenwood 2007),  887-891.
  • Review of John Heath,  The Talking Greeks: Speech, Animals and the Other. American Journal of Philology 127 (2006), pp. 603-607.
  • Review of A. Schiesaro,  The Passions in Play: Thyestes and the Dynamics of Senecan Drama. Vergilus 52 (2006), pp. 216-221.
  • “Elephants as Enemies in Ancient Rome.”  Concentric 32 (2006), 3-25.
  • Review of  S. Armstrong and R. Botzler, The Animal Ethics Reader. Anthrozoos18 (2005), pp. 434-440.
  • “Putting Women in Their Place:  Gender, Species, and Hierarchy in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses,” in Defining Gender and Genre in Latin Literature (Peter Lang 2005), pp. 301-329.
  • Review of B. Severy, Augustus and the Family at the Birth of the Roman Empire.  Classical Outlook82 (2005), pp. 157.
  • “Dancing and Dying: The Display of Elephants in Ancient Roman Arenas,” in Daimonopylai(University of Manitoba Press 2004), pp. 363-382.
  • “Killing Animals that Don’t Fit In:  Moral Dimensions of Habit Restoration.”  Between the Species(2004).
  • Review of S. E. Phang, The Marriage of Roman SoldiersClassical Outlook80 (2002), pp. 40-42.
  • “Seneca the Younger,” in Encyclopedia of the Ancient World(Salem Press 2001), pp. 999.
  • “Seneca the Elder,” in Encyclopedia of the Ancient World(Salem Press 2001), pp. 999-1000.
  • Review of W. Fitzgerald, Slavery and the Roman Literary ImaginationAmerican Journal of Philology 122 (2001), pp. 599-604.
  • “The Display of Elephants in Ancient Roman Arenas.”  ISAZ Newsletter21 (2001), pp. 2-6.
  • “The Spectacle of Death in Seneca’s Troades”  inSeneca in Production (Classical Press of Wales 2000), pp. 86-118.
  • “Elephants, Pompey and The Reports of Popular Displeasure in 55 B.C.,” in Veritatis Amicitiaeque Causa(Bolchazy-Carducci 1999), pp. 231-271.
  • Review of M. J. Dobson, Food in Antiquity. Religious Studies Review25 (1999),  78-79.
  • “The Contributions of Ancient Greek Philosophy to the Modern Debate about Animal Use,”  inAncient Greece and the Modern World (University of Patras Press, 1998), 85-93.
  • “Shooting Sheep to Save Sagebrush:  The Violence of Habitat Restoration.” Electronic Green Journal, University of Idaho.  Special Issue 9 (1998).
  • Review of J. Donald Hughes, Pan’s Travails: Environmental Problems of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Echos du Monde Classique42 (1998),  221-228.
  • “Feral Horses in a National Park:  A Conflict of Values in Preserving Species,”  in Our Natural Environment: IEA Proceedings (1997), pp. 278-285.
  • “Family Matters:  The Structure and Dynamics of the Ancient Roman Family.” Laetaberis11 (1996), pp. 1-27
  • “Lucretius on the Use and Abuse of Animals.” Eranos93 (1995), pp. 48-64.
  • “Contracts with Animals:  Lucretius, De Rerum Natura.”  Between the Species11 (1995), pp. 115-121.
  • “Paradigm and Persuasion in Seneca’s Ad Marciam.” Classica et Mediaevalia 46 (1995), pp. 157-188.
  • Review of J. Masters, Reflections of NeroClassical Philology90 (1995),  pp. 296-301.
  • Review of  B. Rawson, Marriage, Divorce and Children in Ancient Rome. Echos du Monde Classique 37 (1993), pp. 517-521.
  • “Roman Spectacles,”  in From Augustus to Nero: The First Dynasty of Imperial Rome(Michigan State University Press, 1990),  pp. 221-236.
  • “Bread and Circuses: The Politics of Entertainment,”  in From Augustus to Nero: The First Dynasty of Imperial Rome(Michigan State University Press, 1990), pp. 237-263.
  • “Pliny the Younger and the Ideal Wife.” Classica et Mediaevalia 41(1990), pp. 163-186.
  • “Pliny’s Letter 3.11: Rhetoric and Autobiography.” Classica et Mediaevalia 38 (1987), pp. 1-19.
  • “Human Knowledge and Self-Deception: Creon as the Central Character of Sophocles’ ” Ramus 13 (1985), pp. 102-123.
  • “Revenge or Resignation: Seneca’s ” Ramus 12 (1983), pp. 159-183.
  • “Structural Unity and the Meaning of Euripides’ ” Eranos 77 (1979), pp.101-110.
  • “Seneca’s Medeaas Mannerist Literature.”  Poetica 11 (1979), pp. 38-82.
  • “The Dramatization of Inner Experience: The Opening Scene of Seneca’s Agamemnon.” Ramus 6 (1977),  pp. 33-82.
  • “Chariot Racing: Ancient Rome’s Most Popular Spectator Sport.” Chariot Racing World 5 (1976),  pp. 9-17.
  • “Problems of Time in Seneca’s Hercules Furens and ” California Studies in Classical Antiquity 8 (1975), pp. 257- 269.